IC 405 and IC 410

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 30 x 120 sec, (19 bias, 19 dark, 19 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: December 2019, Livorno (Italy), 8°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

IC 405 and IC 410. _

California Nebula, Ngc 1499

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 30 x 120 sec, (19 bias, 19 dark, 19 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: December 2019, Livorno (Italy), 8°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

California Nebula, Ngc 1499. _

Orion, Running Man, Horsehead and Flame Nebula

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 30 x 120 sec, (19 bias, 19 dark, 19 flat), 30 X 20 sec (15 bias, 15 dark, 15 flat) for Orion nebula core
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: December 2019, Livorno (Italy), 8°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

Orion, Running Man, Horsehead and Flame Nebula. _

NGC6820 nebula and NGC6823 open cluster in Vulpecola

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 30 x 120 sec, (25 bias, 25 dark, 25 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: August 2019, Livorno (Italy), 26°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

NGC 6820 is a small reflection nebula near the open cluster NGC 6823 in Vulpecula. The reflection nebula and cluster are embedded in a large faint emission nebula called Sh 2-86. The whole area of nebulosity is often referred to as NGC 6820. M27, the Dumbbell Nebula, is found three degrees to the east, and α Vulpeculae three degrees to the west. Open star cluster NGC 6823 is about 50 light years across and lies about 6000 light years away. The center of the cluster formed about two million years ago and is dominated in brightness by a host of bright young blue stars. Outer parts of the cluster contain even younger stars. It forms the core of the Vulpecula OB1 stellar association.

Barnard 142-143 in Aquila

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 34 x 120 sec, (25 bias, 25 dark, 25 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: August 2019, Livorno (Italy), 26°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

Barnard 142-143. The “E” or “Barnard’s E” Nebula (officially designated as Barnard 142 and 143) is a pair of dark nebula in the Aquila constellation. It is a well-defined dark area on a background of Milky Way consisting of countless stars of all magnitudes. Its size is about that of the full moon, or roughly 0.5 degrees, and its distance from earth is estimated at about 2,000 light years.

M8 (Lagoon nebula) and M20 (Trifid nebula) in Sagittarius

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 35 x 120 sec, (25 bias, 25 dark, 25 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: August 2019, Livorno (Italy), 25°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

M8 and M20 nebulae. M8, the Lagoon nebula, is a giant interstellar cloud in the constellation Sagittarius. It is classified as an emission nebula and as an H II region. The Lagoon Nebula is estimated to be between 4,000-6,000 light-years from the Earth. In the sky of Earth, it spans 90′ by 40′, which translates to an actual dimension of 110 by 50 light years. Like many nebulas, it appears pink in time-exposure color photos but is gray to the eye peering through binoculars or a telescope, human vision having poor color sensitivity at low light levels. The nebula contains a number of Bok globules (dark, collapsing clouds of protostellar material), the most prominent of which have been catalogued by E. E. Barnard as B88, B89 and B296. It also includes a funnel-like or tornado-like structure caused by a hot O-type star that emanates ultraviolet light, heating and ionizing gases on the surface of the nebula. The Lagoon Nebula also contains at its centre a structure known as the Hourglass Nebula (so named by John Herschel), which should not be confused with the better known Engraved Hourglass Nebula in the constellation of Musca. In 2006 the first four Herbig–Haro objects were detected within the Hourglass, also including HH 870. This provides the first direct evidence of active star formation by accretion within it. M20, the Trifid nebula is an H II region located in Sagittarius. Its name means ‘divided into three lobes’. The object is an unusual combination of an open cluster of stars; an emission nebula (the lower, red portion), a reflection nebula (the upper, blue portion) and a dark nebula (the apparent ‘gaps’ within the emission nebula that cause the trifurcated appearance. The close-up images show a dense cloud of dust and gas, which is a stellar nursery full of embryonic stars. This cloud is about 8 ly away from the nebula’s central star. A stellar jet protrudes from the head of the cloud and is about 0.75 ly long. The jet’s source is a young stellar object deep within the cloud. Jets are the exhaust gasses of star formation and radiation from the nebula’s central star makes the jet glow.

The inner region of the Milk Way with M16 (Eagle nebula) and M17 (Omega nebula)

  • Telescope: Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM telephoto lens (f/2.8 stopped)
  • CCD Camera: Baader modified Canon 400D, 800 iso, RAW mode
  • Mount: Astrotrac with polar scope
  • Integration: 38 x 120 sec, (25 bias, 25 dark, 25 flat)
  • Date, Location, Temp/Software: August 2019, Livorno (Italy), 24°C/MaxIm-DL, PixInsight, PhotoShop
  • Click the image for 1920×1080 resolution

The inner region of the Milk Way. This photo was taken on august 2019 by using a filter modified Canon Eos 400D with EF 135 mm lens at f/2.8 on Astrotrac. The photo is the sum of 38 frames, each of 2 minutes. M16, the Eagle nebula, is part of a diffuse emission nebula, or H II region, which is catalogued as IC 4703. This region of active current star formation is about 7000 light-years distant. A spire of gas that can be seen coming off the nebula in the northeastern part is approximately 9.5 light-years or about 90 trillion kilometers long. The cluster associated with the nebula has approximately 8100 stars, which are mostly concentrated in a gap in the molecular cloud to the north-west of the Pillars.[6] The brightest star (HD 168076) has an apparent magnitude of +8.24, easily visible with good binoculars. It is actually a binary star formed of an O3.5V star plus an O7.5V companion. This star has a mass of roughly 80 solar masses, and a luminosity up to 1 million times that of the Sun. The cluster’s age has been estimated to be 1–2 million years. M17, the Omega nebula is between 5,000 and 6,000 light-years from Earth and it spans some 15 light-years in diameter. The cloud of interstellar matter of which this nebula is a part is roughly 40 light-years in diameter and has a mass of 30,000 solar masses. The total mass of the Omega Nebula is an estimated 800 solar masses. It is considered one of the brightest and most massive star-forming regions of our galaxy. Its local geometry is similar to the Orion Nebula except that it is viewed edge-on rather than face-on.